The Ten Most Beautiful Experiments in Science

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Originally published in a paper by George Johnson in The New York Times.

  1. Double-slit electron diffraction (by French physicist Louis de Broglie proposed in 1924)
  2. Galileo's experiment on falling objects (by Italian Galileo Galilei in the late 1500s)
  3. Millikan's oil-drop experiment (by the American physicist Robert A. Millikan in 1909)
  4. Newton's decomposition of sunlight with a prism (by Sir Isaac Newton in 1665)
  5. Young's light-interference experiment (by English physician and physicist Thomas Young in 1803)
  6. Cavendish's torsion-bar experiment (by the English scientist Henry Cavendish in 1797-98)
  7. Eratosthenes' measurement of the Earth's circumference (by Eratosthenes circa 276 BCE)
  8. Galileo's experiments with rolling balls down inclined planes (by Italian Galileo Galilei in the late 1500s)
  9. Rutherford's discovery of the nucleus (by Ernest Rutherford in 1911)
  10. Foucault's pendulum (by French scientist Jean-Bernard-Léon Foucault in 1851)

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